Valuable tool for treating pancreatic cancer patients identified

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Pancreatic cancer is predicted to become the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths by 2030.

However, recent developments in staging and treatment provide options to improve the long-term survival rate for an otherwise devastating diagnosis.

Today, research published in Annals of Surgery from the University of Colorado, USA, offers a roadmap to new guidelines for physicians in prioritising treatments and improving outcomes through surgery.

The study suggests a new concept of resectability and identifies objective pre-operative prognostic factors that can predict long-term survival of patients affected by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), the most common type of pancreatic cancer.

“Our research suggests that a new concept of resectability should be considered that is meant to reflect the biology of the tumour and response to chemotherapy,” said Marco Del Chiaro, MD, PhD, FACS, Chief of Surgical Oncology and Director of the National Pancreas Foundation Center of Excellence at the Anschutz Medical Campus. “Therefore, this will partially overcome the existing guidelines that are mostly based on tumour anatomic features. Tumour anatomic features are extremely subjective and vary between centre to centre and surgeon to surgeon.”

In the study, researchers analysed nearly 8,000 patients who underwent pancreatic resection for PDAC from January 2010 to December 2016.

The research found that the main prognostic factors for survival were age, sex, levels of carbohydrate antigen CA 19-9, tumour size, primary site, neoadjuvant treatment (a treatment given to shrink a tumour before surgery), Charlson/Deyo score and facility type.

For example, academic facilities were associated with better survival rates.

The strength of the findings were validated by a high significant randomised test, log-rank test and simple hazard ratio.

One of the most critical findings is that the tumour engagement of peri-pancreatic arteries at pre-operative scans, historically considered by several centres a contraindication for surgery, does not have a negative impact on survival rates after resection.

“This is the only existing nomogram based on pre-operative objective variables able to assess the chance of long-term survival after surgery for PDAC,” said Atsushi Oba, MD, PhD, research associate for surgical oncology, University of Colorado Department of Surgery, and lead author of the paper. “Our results suggest that current classifications of resectability on local anatomic and radiologic features should no longer be considered accurate and that more precise prognostic criteria should be defined. The new PDAC nomogram can become a useful tool for patients and counselling physicians in selecting therapy.”

The study offers the advantage of estimating the outcome of each patient before an operation, and regardless of local anatomic features of the tumour, to understand if a patient qualifies or not for an operation based on his or her long-term predicted survival.

The use of the nomogram in clinical practice should be proposed after a prospective validation.

“These results support the direction we’re taking at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus,” said Dr Richard Schulick, MD, MBA, FACS, Chair of the Department of Surgery and Director of the University of Colorado Cancer Center on the campus. “By providing a multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of pancreatic diseases, we offer patients personalised care and can match candidates with different kinds of therapies that will work best for their individual case. The result is introducing a new concept of prognosis-based staging for patients and the possibility to overcome the old concept and limitations of the anatomical staging of the disease.”

Source: University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus 


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ONA Editor

The ONA Editor curates oncology news, views and reviews from Australia and around the world for our readers. In aggregated content, original sources will be acknowledged in the article footer.

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